JAN ŽELEZNÝ, 16. 6. 1966, Mladá Boleslav / Wikipedia link

Men’s javelin world record holder: since April 6, 1993 – present




–1985 Autoškoda Mladá Boleslav

1986–1991 Dukla Banská Bystrica

1992–1993 Dukla Praha

1994–1995 LIAZ Jablonec

1996–1997 SSK Vítkovice

1998–2001 AC Start Karlovy Vary

2002–2006 Dukla Praha



44.44 Mladá Boleslav 16. 5.1979  / 13 YEARS OLD BEST

35.58 Jihlava               22. 6.1980

48.90 Kutná Hora       13. 9.1980 / 14 YEARS OLD BEST

42.76 Praha                  28. 9.1980

56.06 Vlašim                   4. 7.1981

60.32 Praha                    12.7.1981

64.42 Praha                   16. 9.1981 / 15 YEARS OLD BEST

67.42 Čelákovice              2. 5.1982

70.26 Mladá Boleslav     8. 5.1982

68.50 Jablonec                 3. 7.1982

68.24 Praha                     18. 7.1982

71.08 Praha                       8. 9.1982 / 16 YEARS OLD BEST




Jan Železný – The Youth Years


Jan Železný memories – LINK

Czech athletic site – LINK

King of world renkings – LINK

Jan Železný – all of the career results

Jan Železný was born on June 16, 1966 in the Czech Mladá Boleslav. His athletic discipline was dedicated to his mother and older brother Petr. The future king of the Javelin, however, has been accompanied by health problems since he was born, even during a successful sports career. Nevertheless, he achieved excellent performances, won world and Olympic championships and beat world records.

Athletic Iron had paradoxically got through handball and hockey, but he presented his throwing qualities as a boy in a cricket ball throw, which he could send at a distance of 80 meters. Soon military service came in the Dukla of Banská Bystrica, where Zelezny was led by Jaroslav Halva as the world’s top javelin thrower.

Jan Železný joined the international scene in 1983, when he was a seventeen-year-old and won a nice sixth place in the European junior championship. This result from Schwechat gave him a major impetus for further racing. The European Championship of the same category, Jan went on again, and in 1985 he left Chotěbuzi as a favorite. He eventually missed the medal and had to settle for the unpopular fourth place.



Halva (passed away in 2014) was the first Czech javelin thrower to overcome the magic limit of 80 meters and he also held the Czech record (80.06 m).

At Stavbara Nitra stadiums have been meeting for the best casts from Czechoslovakia for several years. Fans of Queen Sports have had the opportunity to watch them not only during training but also at the international meeting Agrokomplex-Pozemné stavby – Calex, which was always well occupied.

The Nitra performance started the Iron Star Career (May 1986). Already in the same year he also won the first (bronze) medals from the world championships in Italy. A year later, he won a silver medal at his first Olympics in Seoul.

At his premiere amongst adults, at the 1986 European Championship in Stuttgart, he paid a rookie tax when he did not pass through the qualifying network. But in the following season, the young javelin “with a lion on his chest” knew well enough. In May, in Nitra, he beat the world record with a new type of javelin with a throw of 87.66 meters long. In Rome he successfully fought at the World Championship, where he took a bronze medal. At the end of the season, however, his back pains for the first time did not go away for the rest of his career.

The unique Olympic way of Jan Železný started at the other end of the planet in South Korea’s Seoul. Already in the qualification, the Czechoslovakian representative clearly presented as the medal candidate the longest throw from the entire field of 85.90 meters. His final output of 84.12 m was enough for silver, only 16 centimeters behind Tapi Korjus. The Finnish javelin has become an Olympic winner thanks to the last attempt at the competition.


There was no happy season between the Olympics. In the summer of 1990, when he recorded another world record of 89.66 meters in Oslo, his doctors revealed a broken back. The European Championship in both Split and World Championships in Tokyo a year later for him finished in qualifying, the rise came in due course before the Olympic Games in Barcelona. Iron again in Oslo improved the world’s top to a fantastic 94.74m, although his performance was not recognized for an unauthorized type of utensils. At the height of the season in Barcelona, ​​he moved the value of the Olympic record to 89.66 meters right in the first series, and no one had settled from the throne until the end of the race. After the Olympics, the World Cup in Havana was also won in Europe.

However, health problems have arisen because the spine has suffered from back pain. Medical examinations showed damage to two vertebrates. In spite of these problems, Jan was able to return to the sparring hill, when in 1990 at the Gold League of Oslo in the Norwegian city of Oslo he reached another world record of 89.66 meters.

In 1993, with his wife Marta and his children, he returned from Banska Bystrica to Kosmonos in Mladá Boleslav. He then raced for Dukla Praha, LIAZ Jablonec, SSK Vítkovice, AC Start Karlovy Vary and finally again for Dukla in Prague. After a short co-operation with coach Jaroslav Brabec and Hungarian manager Miklós Némethem he was represented by Jan Pospíšil and Jan Železný won extraordinary achievements for the independent Czech Republic.


At the Olympic Games in Barcelona in 1992, he won gold. In Jena (Germany) in 1996 at the EAA Meeting he sent his javelin at a distance of 98.48 meters, which is still a world record. Jan got Gold Medals at the Olympics in Atlanta and Sydney.

In 2001 at the World Championships in Edmontone, Zelezny won another master gold medal at 92.80 meters. The last medal performance of Jan Železný was the European Championship in Gothenburg, Sweden (2006), where he won bronze. With an active career, he definitively departed in September 2006 at an exhibition meeting in his native Czech Mladá Boleslav.


“IRON” Jan Železný says Good-bye

In 2006 Jan Železný announced the end of his long and rich career. And the farewell year was wonderful. At the European Championship in Gothenburg, he gained his second medal at the age of 40, after twelve years again bronze. At the last start of a big event today he only succumbed to two of the biggest favorites. The competition was won by Andre Andreas Thorkildsen with a 88.78 meters long throw and the second was Fin Tero Pitkämäki, who threw 86.44. Ironing the longest attempt from the first series measured 85.92 meters.

The European Championship Twenty Years ago in Stuttgart was the first major event of the Iron, at the Göteborg championship, with the big athletics farewell. His sporting story reminds of a fairy tale with a happy ending. “Maybe it sounds cocky, but I said I wanted a medal, I believed it,” he said after the final. The three-time Olympic and World Champion also improved the 84 centimeter veteran’s maximum that he recently created at a meeting in Stockholm. “It has calmed me a lot, and maybe I was surprised by the rivals,” said Zelezny.

On September 19, 2006, he took a deep breath at the stadium in Mladá Boleslav, grabbed a javelin and set off to the beginning of the rampage to the sector where he started almost thirty years ago. For the last time in his career, Jan Železný chuckled the audience, closed his eyes and ran. The spear hit, flew away. The judges measured 82.19 meters. Such was the last career of a legendary javelin. On home soil. At the place where he did the first “spearheads”. “I started in Mladá Boleslav so I wanted to finish here,” he said after the race. And what was going through his head when he was going to the last try? “Not to distract and toss it further than before,” he said. Did not he feel a little nostalgia? “It will come later,” he said.

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